Wednesday, October 3, 2018

AIADMK MLA, Kiran Bedi in verbal spat


AIADMK MLA, Kiran Bedi in verbal spat

Rajesh B. Nair 

PUDUCHERRY,  OCTOBER 03, 2018 07:34 IST

Wordy duel: AIADMK leader A. Anbalagan arguing with Puducherry Lt. Governor Kiran Bedi. T. Singaravelou  

Legislator disregards LG’s request to cut short speech, gets into a shouting match

All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam legislature party leader A. Anbalagan on Tuesday created a ruckus at an official meeting here to declare Puducherry Open Defecation Free (ODF) after he was requested by the organisers to cut short his address as Lt. Governor Kiran Bedi had to attend other important functions.

Mr. Anbalagan was not in the list of speakers, though he was an invitee along with Member of Parliament R. Radhakrishnan. Before the programme commenced, the AIADMK leader objected to his exclusion from the list of speakers. Minister for Public Works A. Namassivayam pacified him and escorted him to the stage. Ms. Bedi too invited the AIADMK leader on stage.

Following a presentation by Project Director P.T Rudra Goud, the AIADMK leader was invited to address the meeting. He began by taking a swipe at officials for not including his as a speaker. As he began to point out the failures of the ruling Congress and the continued negligence of his constituency, the Lt. Governor directed an official to request Mr. Anbalagan to cut short his speech. He ignored the plea and continued.

After a few minutes, another note requesting him to wind up was handed over on the direction of the Lt. Governor. But the AIADMK leader took the note from the official, folded it and kept in his pocket, showing no signs of heeding the request. Ms. Bedi then moved towards the podium and with folded hands requested the AIADMK leader to wind up his address as others had little time left to speak. The AIADMK leader continued with his attack on the government.

A visibly upset Ms. Bedi directed the authorities to switch off the mike, triggering a verbal duel between the Lt. Governor and the AIADMK leader. Both were heard shouting at each other. He was also heard asking Ms. Bedi to show her power to the elected representatives and not him. The AIADMK leader also vented his anger at Mr. Namassivayam when he tried to pacify him. The meeting resumed only after Mr. Anbalgan left the stage in a huff.

Talking to reporters later, Mr. Anabalagan said he was denied his right to highlight the plight of his constituency. Terming the ODF declaration a “farce”, he said there were around 400 applicants in his constituency awaiting assistance to construct toilets. He said the government had turned a blind eye to the demands for better amenities in his constituency for a long time.


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அரசு விழாவில் கவர்னர் - எம்.எல்.ஏ., மோதல்

'யூ கோ - யூ கோ' என இருவரும் காரசார வாக்குவாதம்

பதிவு செய்த நாள்: அக்டோபர் 03, 2018, 01:16 IST


புதுச்சேரி: புதுச்சேரியில் நடந்த அரசு விழாவில், ஒதுக்கப்பட்ட நேரம் கடந்தும் எதிர்க்கட்சி, எம்.எல்.ஏ. தொடர்ந்து பேசியதால், 'டென்ஷன்' ஆன கவர்னர் கிரண்பேடி, மைக்கை, 'ஆப்' செய்து, 'யூ கோ' என்றார். பதிலுக்கு, எம்.எல்.ஏ.,வும், 'யூ கோ' எனக் கூறியதால், பரபரப்பு ஏற்பட்டது.

துாய்மை இந்தியா இயக்கத்தின் கீழ், புதுச்சேரியை திறந்தவெளி கழிப்பிடமற்ற மாநிலமாக அறிவிக்கும் விழா, கம்பன் கலையரங்கில் நேற்று நடந்தது. கவர்னர் கிரண்பேடி தலைமை வகித்தார். அமைச்சர்கள் நமச்சிவாயம், கமலக்கண்ணன், பா.ஜ., - எம்.எல்.ஏ.,க்கள் சாமிநாதன், சங்கர் மற்றும் அரசு அதிகாரிகள் பங்கேற்றனர்.

விழா அழைப்பிதழில், தொகுதியின், அ.தி.மு.க., - எம்.எல்.ஏ., அன்பழகன் பெயர் இடம்பெற்றிருந்தது.ஆனால், நிகழ்ச்சி நிரலில் அவரது பெயர் இல்லாததால், விழாவிற்கு வந்த போதே, அதிகாரிகளிடம் கடிந்து கொண்டார். அமைச்சர் நமச்சிவாயம் மற்றும் அதிகாரிகள் சமாதானம் செய்து, வாழ்த்துரை வழங்க அனுமதிப்பதாக கூறி, மேடைக்கு அழைத்து சென்றனர்.

விழா துவங்கியதும், 10 நிமிடம் மட்டும் என்ற நிபந்தனையுடன், 11:35 மணியளவில் அன்பழகன், வாழ்த்திப் பேச அழைக்கப்பட்டார். அவர் பேசியதாவது: 'ஜனாதிபதி, பிரதமர் பங்கேற்கும் விழாக்களில், நேரம் கருதி, எம்.எல்.ஏ., - எம்.பி.,க்கள் பேச வாய்ப்பு அளிப்பதில்லை. இவ்விழா, அந்த அளவிற்கு முக்கியத்துவம் வாய்ந்தது அல்ல. எனவே, எம்.எல்.ஏ.,வை பேச அனுமதித்து, நிகழ்ச்சி நிரல் தயாரித்திருக்க வேண்டும்.

நான், எதிர்க்கட்சி, எம்.எல்.ஏ., என்பதால், என் தொகுதி புறக்கணிக்கப்படுகிறது. என் தொகுதியில், 900க்கும் மேற்பட்ட கூரை வீடுகள் உள்ளன. கழிப்பிடம் கட்ட விண்ணப்பித்தவர்களுக்கு அனுமதி தரவில்லை; துப்புரவு பணி படுமோசம்.இவ்வாறு குற்றச்சாட்டுகளை அடுக்கியபடி பேசினார். 

கால அவகாசம் முடிந்தும், அவர் தொடர்ந்து பேசியதால், பேச்சை முடித்துக் கொள்ளுமாறு, அதிகாரி ஒருவர் மூலம் கவர்னர் தெரிவித்தார். ஆனால், அன்பழகன் பேச்சை தொடர்ந்தார். சில நிமிடங்களில், மீண்டும், பேச்சை முடித்துக் கொள்ளுமாறு மற்றொரு அதிகாரி மூலம், கவர்னர் கூறினார். அந்த அதிகாரி, துண்டு சீட்டில் எழுதி கொடுத்ததையும், அன்பழகன் பொருட்படுத்தவில்லை.

தொடர்ந்து, ''10 நிமிடங்கள் கடந்து விட்டது. நிகழ்ச்சியை முடிக்க வேண்டும். எனவே, பேச்சை முடித்துக் கொள்ளுங்கள்,'' என, கவர்னரே நேரடியாக கூறினார். இதையும் கண்டுகொள்ளாத அன்பழகன், ''இத்திட்டத்தை நிறைவேற்றும் உள்ளாட்சி ஊழியர்களுக்கு, ஏழாவது ஊதியக்குழு பரிந்துரைகளை அமல்படுத்தினீர்களா; குப்பை அகற்றும் ஊழியர்களுக்கு பணி பாதுகாப்பு வழங்கப்பட்டுள்ளதா, அவர்களுக்கு மத்திய அரசின் உத்தரவுப்படி, குறைந்தபட்ச ஊதியம் வழங்கப்படுகிறதா,'' என, சரமாரியாக கேள்வி எழுப்பினார்.

இதனால், ஆத்திரமடைந்த கவர்னர் கிரண்பேடி, அன்பழகன் அருகே சென்று, பேச்சை நிறுத்தும்படி கூறினார். ஆனால், அன்பழகன் பேச்சை தொடர்ந்ததால் மைக்கை 'ஆப்' செய்யும்படி கூறி துண்டிக்கச் செய்தார். இதனால் ஆவேசமடைந்த அன்பழகன், கவர்னரை நோக்கி, ''நீங்கள் தவறாக நடந்து கொள்கிறீர்கள்,'' என்றார். கையெடுத்து கும்பிட்ட கவர்னர், ''தயவு செய்து கிளம்புங்கள்,'' என்றார். 

தொடர்ந்து, இருவருக்கும் கடும் வாக்குவாதம் ஈடுபட டென்ஷனின் உச்சத்திற்கே சென்ற கவர்னர் ''யூ கோ'' என்றார்.

''நான் போக மாட்டேன்; யூ கோ,'' என, பதிலுக்கு, கவர்னரை பார்த்து, அன்பழகன் கூறினார். இதனால், விழா மேடையில், பதற்றமான சூழல் ஏற்பட்டது. பின், அமைச்சர் நமச்சிவாயம், ராதாகிருஷ்ணன், எம்.பி., இருவரும், அன்பழகனை சமாதானம் செய்து, அனுப்பி வைத்தனர். 

சபாநாயகரிடம் புகார்

விழாவில் இருந்து வெளியேறிய அன்பழகன், சபாநாயகர் வைத்திலிங்கத்தை அவரது வீட்டில் சந்தித்து 'எம்.எல்.ஏ.,வின் உரிமையை பறிக்கும் வகையில் கவர்னர் நடந்து கொண்டார்' என புகார் தெரிவித்தார். நிருபர்களிடம் அன்பழகன் கூறுகையில் ''அரசு விழாவில் எம்.எல்.ஏ.,வை வெளியேறுமாறு கூற கவர்னருக்கு என்ன அதிகாரம் உள்ளது. ஆளும் அரசின் தவறுகளை சுட்டிக்காட்டும் கடமையும் பொறுப்பும் எம்.எல்.ஏ.,க்களுக்கு உண்டு. கவர்னர் இந்த மாநிலத்தின் ராணி இல்லை. கட்சி தலைமையிடம் பேசி அடுத்த கட்ட நடவடிக்கை குறித்து முடிவு செய்வேன்,'' என்றார்.

கவர்னர் விளக்கம்

டுவிட்டரில் கவர்னர் கிரண்பேடி விளக்கம்:அன்பழகனுக்கு ஒதுக்கப்பட்ட நேரம் கடந்து பேசியதால், முடித்துக் கொள்ளும்படி விழா தலைமை பொறுப்பில் இருந்த நானும் அமைச்சரும் அறிவுறுத்தினோம்.ஆனால் அவர் ஏற்றுக்கொள்ளவில்லை. அதையடுத்து, விழாவை குறிப்பிட்ட நேரத்தில் முடிக்க வேண்டும் என நானே நேரடியாக சென்று கூறினேன். அவர் ஏற்றுக்கொள்வதாக தெரியாததால் மைக்கை 'ஆப்' செய்யுமாறு கூறினேன். இவ்வாறு அதில் தெரிவித்துள்ளார்.


Friday, March 30, 2018

Car, Bike Insurance to Cost more From 1 April


Sources: Dinakaran ePaper

Also read the related stories

General insurance premium set to go up from April 1

PTI|Updated: Mar 26, 2017, 07.55 PM IST

NEW DELHI: Car, motorcycle and health insurance will cost more from April 1 with regulator IRDAI giving go-ahead to insurers for revision in commission for agents.

The change in premium after modification will be limited to +/- 5 per cent of the existing rates.

The increase will be in addition to the enhanced third party motor insurance rates, which too will come into effect from April.

The IRDAI (Payment of Commission or Remuneration or Reward to Insurance Agents and Insurance Intermediaries) Regulations, 2016 comes into effect from April 1, 2017.

The regulations, the regulator said, bring about certain revisions in commission/ remuneration rates and also introduce the reward system.

These may trigger insurers to revisit the pricing of their products in so far as the costing input relating to commission or remuneration is concerned, said the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI).

However, the change in premium due to the new regulations should be "limited to +/- 5 per cent of the existing premium rates of products/add-ons", it said.

Further, insurers will have to give a certificate that there is "no detrimental change" in premium rates or any other provision of policies already sold.



Wednesday, March 21, 2018

Car goes up in flames in Pondicherry



Sources: Dinamalar ePaper

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Car goes up in flames

SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT

PUDUCHERRY, MARCH 21, 2018 00:00 IST

Providential escape:The car that went up in flames on 100 Feet Road on Tuesday.T.Singaravelou 

Three persons had a providential escape after the car in which they were travelling went up in flames on the flyover on 100 Feet Road here on Tuesday evening.

According to the police, Chezhiyan, brother of former AINRC MLA G. Nehru, his friend Ramalingam and car driver Raja, all hailing from Orleanpet, were returning from Karikalambakkam.

Around 7 p.m., Raja noticed smoke emanating from the engine and stopped the car.

They quickly got out of the car when fire engulfed the vehicle. Fire and Rescue Services personnel put out the fire and towed away the vehicle. Police suspect a short-circuit to be the reason behind the fire. Further investigations are on.


Also visit the related Video News at: https://www.youtube.com 

Thursday, March 15, 2018

Compulsory military service for aspirants of Govt. Job


Sources: Dinamalar ePaper

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Compulsory military service for those seeking govt jobs, says Parliamentary Standing Committee

Sudhi Ranjan Sen

March 14, 2018

All those who want a cushy government job either with state or central government - may have to put in a compulsory five years with the armed forces to make-up for the shortage of personnel in the armed forces.

The Indian Army alone is short of over 7,000 officers and over 20,000 men. Likewise, the Indian Air Force has a shortage of nearly 150 officers and over 15,000 men and the Indian Navy is short of 150 officers and nearly 15,000 men.

The central government alone has about 30 lakh employees with the Indian Railways, while the state governments employ about another two crore people.

Compulsory military service for those who want a subsequent employment with the government is being considered by the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT)- a wing of government that reports to the Prime Minister. The wing is tasked with administering and making policy for all government servants.

The proposal to make military service compulsory for future government servants was moved by the Ministry of Defence as an emergency measure to fill the shortfall in the armed forces.

Compulsory military service for aspirants of government employment has been recommended by the Parliamentary Standing Committee.

The Committee while recommending five years compulsory military service to such aspirants wanting directly to join central and state government gazetted services have taken into account the fact that there are perennial and alarming shortages of officers and men in the Armed Forces, which needs to correct, a recently tabled report of the Parliamentary Standing Committee observed.

The Parliamentary Committee has also asked the Ministry of Defence to push with the DoPT with more vigour and earnestness. Apparently, the Ministry of Defence has not taken up the matter with due seriousness.


Tuesday, March 13, 2018

Sunday, March 11, 2018

Railway permits travel on transferred Ticket



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No hassle: Railway rules permit travel on transferred ticket

Neha Shukla | TNN | Updated: Jul 20, 2012, 03:48 IST

LUCKNOW: You might have planned a rail journey months in advance, but have to cancel it at the last minute owing to some unavoidable circumstances. While you can't go, you could be willing to send someone else on your behalf. But, re-planning a train travel is often a spoiler. Most passengers drop the idea for getting a new reservation done.

Though not many know, there's a way out. A passenger can allow other person to undertake a journey on the same ticket by seeking railway's permission. While this saves the passenger from the cancellation procedure, the person travelling on the passenger's behalf does not face the peril of travelling on an unconfirmed ticket.

Though railways does not allow transfer of tickets and it's only the passenger, under whose name the ticket/berth is booked, can travel on a reserved ticket, there are circumstances where the ticket can be transferred to close family members of the passenger like parents, siblings, sons and daughters and spouses. The passenger has to request the chief reservation officer to change the name of the passenger on the ticket 24 hours before the journey time.

The age-old rules of railways are meant to make train travel easier for passengers, but it's the little understanding of the rules that leaves the purpose unmet. The reservation officers at the station mention several such rules which are little known. "At times, we tell people coming to us about these provisions," said a station officer. The number of passengers who avail this facility is very low, barely 5-10%.

Tickets can also be transferred in case of government employees travelling on an official visit. The other employee can undertake a journey, instead of the one for whom the ticket was initially booked, provided the railway gives permission. The request has to be made 24 hours before the journey.

The students of recognised colleges or educational institutions are also beneficiaries of the rule. The ticket can be transferred to the intended student, if the head of the institution writes to the concerned railway officer, 48 hours before the train journey.

The same can be availed by a person who booked a ticket to attend a wedding. The person can send someone else on his behalf, if the request is made 48 hours before the train departs. Such request, however, will be considered only once.


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You can transfer your train ticket to someone else, here is how

By Express Web Desk | New Delhi | Updated: March 10, 2018 9:07 am

Indian Railways have further said that such request will be granted only once. However, in case of students, marriage party and NCC cadets, such request for change in excess of 10 per cent of the total strength of group shall not be granted.

Indian railways, train ticket transfer, railway administration, rail reforms, railway news, indian railway passengers, rail enquiry An Indian Railway ticketing staff in Allahabad. If the passengers are members of a marriage party, then any person deemed to be head of the group can make a written request 48 hours before the scheduled departure of the train. (AP/File)

If you are holding a confirmed reservation ticket and for some reasons you cannot travel or have a change in plans, you can transfer it to another person or your family member. Here is a guideline released by the Indian Railways, world’s fourth largest railway network, to avail this facility:

“Chief Reservation Supervisor of important stations are authorised by Railway Administration to permit the change of name of a passenger having a seat or berth reserved in his name,” says a statement released by the Indian railways.

If the passenger is a government servant, proceeding on duty, he/she can make written request 24 hours before the scheduled departure of trains. The name on the ticket will be changed to another person’s name for whom the ticket transfer is sought.

A passenger can also transfer his confirmed ticket to another member of his family, meaning, father, mother, brother, sister, son, daughter, husband and wife. He/she just needs to make a request in writing 24 hours before the scheduled departure of the train.

Another condition applies where the passengers are students of a recognised educational institute. In such a case, the head of the institution can make a written request 48 hours before the scheduled departure. The reservation made in the name of any student can be transferred to any other student of the same institute.

If the passengers are members of a marriage party, then any person deemed to be head of the group can make a written request 48 hours before the scheduled departure of the train. The reservation made in the name of any member of the marriage party can be transferred to any other person, in this way.

The facility can also be availed by a group of cadets of National Cadet Corps who have confirmed reservation ticket/tickets but need to transfer it/them to any other cadet. Any officer, who is head of such a group, can make a written request 24 hours before the train’s departure.

Indian Railways has further said that such request will be granted only once. However, in case of students, marriage party and NCC cadets, such request for change in excess of 10 per cent of the total strength of group shall not be granted.


Friday, January 19, 2018

All about M-Sand Vs. River Sand

Manufactured Sand also known as M-Sand or Robo-Sand



Madras HC orders closure of all sand quarries in Tamil Nadu in 6 months
Sources: https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com

Also read the FULL Judgment at: https://indiankanoon.org/doc/99775775/


HC dismissed State Govt. Appeal and confirms order to close down all sand quarries 
Sources: http://www.thehindu.com

Also read the related stories


HC confirms order to close down all sand quarries


Mohamed Imranullah S. 


CHENNAI, JANUARY 20, 2018 00:00 IST


If ecology is not protected, there is no doubt that it will endanger the very existence of human life Madras High Court


Stringent steps: The court has ordered the setting up of permanent check posts and equipping them with CCTV cameras, besides severe penal action against those misusing import permits.  


Hits out at government for having failed to protect riverbeds; rules that regulating import of sand doesn’t fall under the State’s ambit


In a hard-hitting judgment, a Division Bench of the Madras High Court on Friday held the State government squarely responsible for having failed in its duty to protect riverbeds from indiscriminate sand mining and confirmed a single judge’s November 29 order directing the State government to impose a blanket ban on sand mining within six months.


Justices K. Kalyanasundaram and T. Krishnavalli said: “If ecology is not protected, there is no doubt that it will endanger the very existence of human life and we might not even have a future generation. Therefore, as a custodian of fundamental as well as constitutional rights, it is the duty of this court to ensure that the environment is protected.”


The Bench also confirmed other directions issued by Justice R. Mahadevan, who had directed the State government to permit the sale of imported river sand either by way of executive instructions or by enacting a law.


Further, to ensure that local sand dealers do not continue to exploit the rivers by misusing the permission granted to them to sell imported sand, the judge had ordered strict vigilance by establishing permanent check posts and equipping them with closed circuit television cameras, besides subjecting the guilty to severe punishment.


Concurring with this, the Division Bench said policy decisions on export and import were within the domain of the Centre, which had already permitted import of river sand, and therefore, the State government could not have any objection. Besides, Sections 15 and 23C of the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act of 1957 empower the State governments to frame statutory rules for preventing illegal mining, transportation and storage of only domestic and not imported river sand.


Appeal by State


The judgment was delivered on a writ appeal preferred on behalf of the State Government challenging the single judge’s order. The government contended that the judge had traversed beyond the scope of the writ petition by ordering a ban on sand mining.


Rejecting this, the Bench said, “The court (single judge) was able to see that the actions of the State were not only [not] in accordance with law but also not in the interest or welfare of the State and rather are in the nature of suiting individual commercial interests [of local sand dealers]. More particularly, when alternate source is available, the court felt it could be used to preserve the ecology of the State.”


Authoring the judgment, Mr. Justice Kalyanasundaram pointed out that the State has a long history of illegal mining and the government was unsuccessful in curbing it. Rejecting the government’s contention that imported sand with 81.6% silica content may not be fit for civil constructions, the Bench agreed with senior counsel M. Vallinayagam and Isaac Mohanlal, representing the importer and the subsequent purchaser, that only sand with above 95% of silica content could not be used for construction.


The judges also noted the fact that Karnataka had imported river sand from Malaysia and that many sky scrapers in Malaysia had been built only with its river sand. Experts in Malaysia and India had certified the quality of the sand that had been imported by the petitioner firm. The single judge had directed the government to also close down, in a phased manner, quarries where minerals such as granite were mined and the Bench confirmed this direction too.



Sources: http://www.thehindu.com

Also read the related stories


M-Sand Vs. River Sand

Feb 29, 2016 6:00:41 PM

By Chethan BS

Environmental factors and shortage of good quality river sand has led to the invention of Manufactured Sand also known as M-Sand or Robo-Sand.

Process:
M-Sand - Manufactured in factory
River Sand – Naturally available on river banks.

Shape:
M-Sand - Angular and has rougher texture. Angular aggregates demands more water. Water demand can be compensated with cement content.
River Sand – Smoother texture with better shape. Demands less water.

Moisture Content:
M-Sand - Moisture is available only in water washed M Sand.
River Sand – Moisture is trapped in between the particles which is good for concrete purposes.

Concrete Strength:
M-Sand - Higher concrete strength compared to river sand used for concreting.
River Sand – Lesser concrete concrete compared to M Sand

Silt Content:
M-Sand - Zero silt
River Sand – Minimum permissible silt content is 3%. Anything more than 3% is harmful to the concrete durability. We can expect 5 - 20% slit content in large quality river sand.

Over Sized Materials:
M-Sand - 0%. Since it is artificially manufactured.
River Sand – 1 - 6% of minimum oversized materials can be expected. Like pebble stones.

Marine Products:
M-Sand - 0%
River Sand – 1 - 2% like sea shells, tree barks etc.,

Eco Friendly:
M-Sand - Though M Sand uses natural coarse aggregates to form, it causes less damage to environment as compared to river sand.
River Sand – Harmful to environment. Eco imbalances, reduce ground water level and rivers water gets dried up.

Price:
M-Sand - M Sand price ranges from Rs.35 - Rs.45 per cubic feet in Bangalore.
River Sand – River sand price ranges from Rs 60 - 80 per cubic feet in Bangalore.

Adulteration:
M-Sand - Probability of adulteration is less.
River Sand – High probability of adulteration since filtered sand (a type of pre-washed sand which contains high silt contents) are mixed together. As a rule, supply shortage always brings adulterer products to the market.

Applications:
M-Sand - Highly recommended for RCC purposes and brick/ block works.
River Sand – Recommended for RCC, plastering and brick/ block work.

Quality:
M-Sand - Better quality control since manufactured in a controlled environment.
River Sand – No control over quality since it is naturally occurring. Same river bed sand can have differences in silt contents.

Particle passing 75 micron:
M-Sand - Up to 15% (IS: 383 - 1970)
River Sand – Up to 3% (IS:383 - 1970)


Also view the related Videos


Also read the related stories

Manufactured Sand (M-Sand) for Concrete - Properties and Advantages: https://theconstructor.org

M Sand Vs River Sand: https://www.materialtree.com

Advantages of Original M-Sand: http://www.msand.in



Sand Mining Review 2017- 3 – Judicial Interventions Fail To Restore Damage: https://sandrp.wordpress.com

Also read the related stories

Madras HC orders closure of all sand quarries in Tamil Nadu in 6 months

L Saravanan | TNN | Updated: Nov 30, 2017, 05:35 IST

MADURAI: The Madurai bench of the Madras high court on Wednesday ordered closure of all sand quarries in Tamil Nadu within the next 6 months and also said that no new sand quarry should come up in the state.

The court further directed the government to monitor illegal transporting of the river sand.

Justice R Mahadevan passed the order on a petition filed by M R M Ramaiya Enterprises Private Limited managing director M R M Ramaiya seeking court's intervention to sell sand imported from Malaysia.

The order has been passed in the public interest considering the need to protect rivers, environment and farmers in the state, the judge said.

The judge also directed the Tamil Nadu government to release the Malaysian sand from the Tuticorin port.

The petitioner said she made an agreement with All Works Trading Limited, Singapore, on September 9 last to import 1 lakh tonne of sand. Accordingly, the petitioner's company imported sand of the Sungai Pahang river in Kauntan city, Malaysia, to an extent of 55,443 metric tonne through proper channels and also paid the GST. The sand is at present at the Tuticorin port.

When the company wanted to sell the same in the state, the government did not gave permission and registered an FIR against it. Hence, the petitioner sought a direction to the Tamil Nadu government not to insist the company to get licence and to transport and sell the imported sand in the state.

The Tamil Nadu government said in their petition that the state police had registered an FIR as the firm had transported the sand without permit and it could not allow the Malaysian sand either to be sold in Tamil Nadu without permit or to be transported to Kerala on road.


Also read the FULL Judgment at: https://indiankanoon.org/doc/99775775/

Also read the related stories

All in a grain of M-sand

M.L. Mahesh

SEPTEMBER 12, 2015 00:00 IST

Manufactured sand is a 100 % substitute for river sand, says Kuncheria P. Isaac, VC, Kerala Technical University

M.L. Mahesh finds out that manufactured sand is a good alternative to or even better than the fast-depleting river sand

Natural river sand had been the principal constituent of all construction activities over centuries. But unscrupulous and ruthless excavation of river beds led to the fast depletion of this once abundant natural resource which actually took millions of years to attain its present form.

Excessive in-stream sand and gravel mining caused the dipping of water levels, degradation of rivers and river bank erosion. In many regions of the world, the extraction of sand and gravel is heavily taxed or banned completely to preserve remaining deposits.

Sand researchers world over were in continuous research to find an alternative for river sand, who zeroed in on manufactured sand or popularly known as M-sand.

Experts vouch that manufactured sand is not only a viable alternative to natural sand, but is superior in many ways. River sand is not graded properly and has excessive silt and organic impurities like coal, bones, shells, mica and silt and these can be detrimental to durability of steel and concrete, whereas manufactured sand has no silt or organic impurities.

Manufacturing of sand involves three stages, crushing of stones into aggregates by VSI, which is fed into a rotopactor to crush aggregate into sand in required grain sizes. Screening is done to eliminate dust particles and washing of sand eliminates very fine particles present within. The end product will satisfy all the requirements of IS:383 Zone II and can be used in concrete and construction.

Only, sand manufactured by VSI crusher and rotopactor is cubical and angular in shape. Sand made by other types of machines is found to be flaky and contain higher percentage of dust. Generally, manufactured sand is classified as Zone I, Zone II, Zone III and Zone IV (i.e. coarser to finer). There is sieve designation for each zone. Gradation is made in accord with the usage of the sand. There are testing sieves, consists of 4.75mm, 2.36mm, 1.183mm, 600microns, 300 microns and 150 microns.

Zone I sand is used for concreting while sands Zone II to IV are used for plastering. Tests have revealed that the characteristics of mortars and concrete using M-sand as fine aggregate are superior when compared to the natural sand as fine aggregate.

Pune-Mumbai expressway was completely built using manufactured sand. Runway of Thiruvananthapuram International airport, new flyover at Thakaraparambu and Palayam underpass at Thiruvananthapuram are also learnt to have constructed using M-sand.

Manufactured sand is a 100 per cent substitute for river sand, says Dr. Kuncheria P. Isaac, vice chancellor of Kerala Technical University. Two factors determine the quality of manufactured sand; size and shape. The sand particles should not be flaky and elongated as that may make the mix weak and affect the durability and strength of the concrete.

Rocks with more mica content are considered not suitable for manufacturing sand. The rocks present in our state are of the required quality, says Dr. Kuncheria. Over the years the availability of rocks also may get depleted and may get replaced by another material like gypsum, but as of now we have ample resources.

It would be difficult for a layman to distinguish manufactured sand as they are usually bluffed by masons or contractors with rock sand sprinkled with water. Rock sand is the residue dust formed during the stone crushing. Chances of developing early cracks and weakening are more as it is devoid of required grades and not undergone adequate cleaning.

Sand quality can be tested at the labs of any of the engineering colleges present across the State, says Dr. Kuncheria.

Mortars with M-sand exhibit better workability and water retention characteristics, confirms a study held at IIS, Bangalore. For 1:4 cement mortar, to achieve 100 per cent flow the water cement ratio required is about 0.88 using M-sand whereas 1.20 using river sand. Lower water-cement ratio results in better characteristics of mortars in hardened state.

Government should standardise the production of manufactured sand, says Joseph Jacob, director, POABS Group, pioneers in quality manufactured sand.

Listing of quality manufacturers and grading the system will ensure the quality of m-sand and reduce the supply of inferior quality product in the market.

It is also essential to create awareness on the use of M-sand for construction purpose and scarcity of river sand, says Joseph. 


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