Thursday, May 31, 2007

Politicians ill-served by civil servants

Politicians ill-served by civil servants
Thursday May 31 2007 09:34 IST

Jaithirth Rao

Bureaucrats, we think, are masters of drafting. Not so. I would say instead that a lot of what generates political and legal controversy is simply the result of shoddy drafting of laws by the bureaucracy, which then get passed by our lawmakers without spending too much time or quality thought on the same.

Let us consider one of the early conflicts. The bank nationalisation ordinance was struck down by the courts primarily on two grounds. First, it was held that by ignoring goodwill, the compensation formula was inappropriate. Second, there was an unnecessary clause in the ordinance prohibiting the shareholders of nationalised banks from entering into the banking business. This was deemed a violation of citizens’ rights to conduct business, earn livelihoods, etc. To start a bank one anyway needs a licence, which only the Reserve Bank of India can grant. Those were the days before central bank autonomy.

Licences could easily have been withheld by the government. This clause was superfluous and silly. In fact in the subsequent legislation it was dropped and the law passed the scrutiny of the courts. One can hardly blame Indira Gandhi for the poor drafts, unnecessary clauses, etc. The fault clearly lay with the civil servants whom she depended upon.

Similarly, when she lost her proposed constitutional amendment on privy purses, Indira Gandhi tried to get around it by “derecognising” through an ordinance all the maharajas and nawabs. The courts again struck down this ill-conceived and ill-worded ordinance. The power to recognise or “derecognise” was never meant to be exercised against 600-odd princes by a stroke of the pen. Even if she were in a peeved and frustrated mood, it was the duty of her advisors to guide her towards a resolution that would have stood the test of scrutiny, not come up overnight with an ill-thought-out scheme that was bound to fail.

Throughout the seventies, we witnessed the ongoing claims by the so-called left-liberal lobbies that the courts were holding up progressive legislation and were thwarting the intent of the legislature. None of them wanted to examine the extent to which they created problems for themselves by laws written in haste and almost invariably full of clumsy, unnecessary excesses, which forced the courts to react the way they did.

Today, reservations have become the focus of attention. Anyone who has read the Constitution should know that “equality of all citizens irrespective of caste or religion” is a fundamental feature. No court can afford to ignore this. If, for some reason, elected leaders are unaware of this very central constitutional precept, it is the duty and obligation of the concerned civil servants to remind their political bosses of the same in no uncertain terms. It is true that the Constitution does provide for special remedial action favouring disadvantaged sections of the population. But the tenet of equality is so overwhelmingly important, that the rationale and the methodology for helping the underprivileged targets need to be really sharp and credible for the judiciary to be in a position to hold that equality of citizens can be set aside in a special circumstance in a specific manner.

The courts have given enough signals and a sufficient number of messages, both direct and indirect, in this regard. And yet, when a new law is drafted, it is simplistic beyond belief and blithely ignores the need for carefully building up the argument and, more importantly, the methodology for implementing something that in effect violates the equality provision. If there had been even a minimalist obeisance to the principle that benefits accruing to the so-called ‘creamy layer’ would have amounted to a gross violation of the equality principle and therefore was being somewhat controlled, the courts would have the elbow room to go along with the wishes of the legislature.

But there has been no such attempt. Instead we get a bland number with vague and untenable arguments behind them. The ‘creamy layer’ concern of the judiciary (which has been earlier expressed by a full bench in emphatic terms) is ignored with an imperceptible shrug. No wonder, the government of the day finds itself in an embarrassing gridlock. I would argue that our politicians are being ill-served by their civil servants whose job it is (a la Appleby) to ensure that ministers present the public with solutions that will pass muster of the various review processes.

The fact of the matter is that reservations for OBCs in educational institutions have to be accepted as a necessary political response to the social situation in our country. The votaries of ‘pure merit’ may feel good and sanctimonious in resisting this. But it is unlikely that they will succeed. Among other things, reservation is perceived by our politicians to be a vote-winner. Against this argument, there is precious little one can do in a democracy!

It is however possible and even desirable to implement this policy in a rational way that among other things will let our judges (who are sworn to protect a constitution committed to equality of citizens) to allow reservations to meet the other constitutional provision of helping underprivileged classes (which too they are sworn to uphold). Incidentally, the Indian state is going to find it even more difficult to push through reservations in minority-run institutions. The Constitution has strong provisions protecting their autonomy, provisions that cannot be easily violated. The Kerala government is already grappling with this, admittedly not very efficiently.

Unless the drafting of these laws is done with the greatest care this is likely to become the next case of the so-called legislature-judiciary stand-off. Intelligent, well-thought-out legislation should be in a position to deal with the creative tension arising from two seemingly contradictory constitutional positions. Casual, shoddy, hasty laws will simply not do the work. And to make up for poor drafting by exaggerating a legislature-judiciary conflict does not do justice to the Republic, which we all wish well.

The writer is Chairman, Mphasis. These are his personal views jerry.rao@epmltd.com

Courtesy_
The New Indian Express

No comments:

Post a Comment

Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

Compiled by

Disclaimer


Collection of important and burning Topics, News from all Dailies, Fortnight Magazines, etc., in order to highlight its importance to the viewers and also to keep it as ready reckoner by them so as to access it quickly from the concerned Sources which we quote them at the bottom of each Posts so as to extend our gratitude towards the Author of that Posts in their releases.



Followers

Search our Blog here

Google
 


News Feed from Various Dailies



THE HINDU - News Update

Expressbuzz - Columnists

Expressbuzz - Tamil Nadu

தினமணி: மெய்யாலுமா...? அரசியல் கிசுகிசு

Dinamani - Headlines

Dinamani - Politics

Dinamani - Tamil Nadu

Dinamani - Pondicherry

Dinamani - Cuddalore

Labels

Pondicherry (131) Tamil Nadu (129) ARTICLE (103) Editorial (91) aiadmk (62) jayalalithaa (59) dinamani (55) dmk (53) Karunanidhi (33) india (30) Ariankuppam (29) chief minister of tamil nadu (27) the hindu (27) railway (25) Congress (23) Supreme Court (22) THE HINDU (22) southeren railway (22) Dinamalar (21) Nuclear (21) chennai (21) US (20) Rain (19) frontline (19) wikipedia (19) PMK (18) Pratiba (18) President (18) karnataka (18) Train (17) Education (16) Elections (16) sri lanka (16) 2013 (15) 2012 (14) 123 Agreement (13) Madras High Court (13) Road (13) bangalore (13) election commission (13) nuke deal (13) Advocates (12) BEHS (12) Bridge (12) Facebook (12) Google (12) NPT (12) Politics (12) Youtube (12) 2010 (11) Interview (11) Legislative Assembly (11) Traffic (11) Video (11) abdul kalam (11) Accidents (10) Parliament (10) Private Schools (10) Tamil Eelam (10) police (10) BJP (9) Cuddalore District (9) Death (9) Environment (9) 2014 (8) BG Conversion (8) Ban (8) Website (8) water (8) water resources (8) Communist Parties (7) Examination (7) Flight (7) Government (7) Mayiladudurai (7) Pakistan (7) River (7) Schools (7) The New Indian Express (7) UNO (7) USA (7) Villupuram (7) ground water (7) prime minister (7) Andhra Pradesh (6) Beach (6) Cauvery (6) Children (6) Coimbatore (6) Court (6) Cricket (6) Jaya TV (6) Lok Sabha (6) Mobile Phones (6) Strike (6) cellphones (6) 10th Exam (5) Car (5) Dinakaran (5) High Court (5) MGR (5) Municipality (5) One Year Performance (5) Online (5) Petrol (5) Plastic (5) Political Party (5) Progress Card (5) RBI (5) Sethusamudram (5) Sports (5) Sun TV (5) banks (5) lawyers (5) madras (5) russia (5) temple (5) CEC (4) Corporation (4) Credit Card (4) DMDK (4) Health (4) International (4) MDMK (4) MLAs (4) Makkal TV (4) Mumbai (4) Nuclear standoff (4) PIB (4) Prices (4) SSLC (4) Sethu (4) Surgery (4) TIPS (4) TV (4) Tamil (4) Time Table (4) Vaiko (4) World Water Day (4) chief minister (4) computer (4) kerala (4) 2011 (3) 3rd World War (3) Actor (3) Adulterated items (3) Agriculture (3) Airport (3) Anti-Corruption (3) BSNL (3) Bandh (3) Bragadeeswara Temple (3) Britain (3) Cabinet Minister (3) Civil Supplies Department (3) Constitution (3) Cr.P.C. (3) Daily Thanthi (3) Dasara festival (3) EVMs (3) Foods (3) Garbage (3) Gazette (3) Helmets (3) Hospital (3) I-Day (3) IPC (3) IT (3) Ice (3) Kalaignar TV (3) Kollidam (3) MPs (3) Marina Beach (3) Medical (3) Microsoft (3) Mini Flight (3) Mysore (3) Panruti (3) Photos (3) Politicians (3) Pollution (3) Pranab Mukherjee (3) Public Exam (3) RTI Act (3) Raj TV (3) Rajiv Gandhi (3) Schoolboy (3) Smoking (3) Sonia Gandhi (3) South Africa (3) Speaker (3) Tanjore (3) Teacher (3) Telangana (3) Telephone (3) UNPA (3) Vijayakant (3) Yahoo (3) cbi (3) delhi (3) gujarat (3) mssrf (3) newspaper (3) planet (3) salem division (3) times of india (3) 1000 Rupee Note (2) 12th Exam (2) ATM (2) Aadhar Card (2) Advertisements (2) AirTel (2) Assembly Meeting (2) BESCOM (2) Birth Certificate (2) Botanical Garden (2) Boycott (2) Bus Stand (2) CCTVs (2) CJI (2) CPI (2) CPM (2) Cadres (2) Cancer (2) Christians (2) Church (2) Cigarettes (2) Compensation (2) Complaint (2) Cyclone (2) DTH (2) Daily Telegraph (2) Dams (2) Death Anniversary (2) Debates (2) Debit Card (2) Driving (2) ECR (2) Earth (2) Eye (2) Floods (2) Fonseka (2) Foreign Nations (2) Foreigners (2) Four Track Road (2) Full Moon (2) Genocide (2) Global Warming (2) Govt. Staffs (2) Green (2) Guru (2) Heart (2) Heritage buildings (2) Highways (2) Hogenakkal (2) Home Minister (2) Home Ministry (2) Hyderabad (2) ICICI (2) IT Capital (2) Independence (2) Judges (2) Katchatheevu Island (2) Kerala High Court (2) Kiran Bedi (2) LORRY (2) LPG Gas Connection (2) Law College (2) Legislative Assembly Complex (2) Lieutenant Governor (2) London (2) Losses (2) M.K.Stalin (2) Maalaimalar (2) Mahe (2) Mahinda Rajapaksa (2) Medicine (2) Mega TV (2) Moon (2) Motor Vehicles (2) Municipal waste (2) Musharraf (2) NASA (2) NDTV (2) Nagapattinam (2) Narendra Modi (2) National Highways (2) Nepal (2) Notifications (2) Obama (2) Pamban (2) Parking Place (2) Passport (2) Pazha Nedumaaran (2) Phones (2) Portfolios (2) Pratibha Patil (2) Private TV Channels (2) RBI Governor (2) RTO (2) Railway Minister (2) Rajya Sabha (2) Ramanathapuram (2) Ramdoss (2) Rameswaram (2) Ration Card (2) Rename (2) Reservation (2) Rivers Inter-link (2) Rowdies (2) Royal Cable Vision (2) Rule of Law (2) S.K.Upadhyay (2) SAARC (2) Sachin (2) Salary (2) Satellite (2) School Van (2) Sea Level Rising (2) Search Engine (2) Somnath Chatterjee (2) Speech (2) Subramanian Swamy (2) Sumangali Cable Vision (2) T.R.Baalu (2) TRAI (2) Tamil Murasu (2) Tax issues (2) Tea (2) Telecom (2) Theft (2) Tibet (2) Tiruchi (2) Tiruchirapalli (2) Tirupur District (2) Tobacco (2) Tourism (2) Veeranam Lake (2) Vellore (2) Vellore Jail (2) Vice President (2) Vigilance (2) Voters' List (2) Woman (2) World Heritage (2) World Tour (2) bangaladesh (2) eTicket (2) iTicket (2) kizhur (2) madurai (2) minister (2) monuments (2) o.paneerselvam (2) security (2) states (2) technology (2) television (2) vkc (2) கச்சத்தீவு (2) 100 feet Road (1) 10th Schedule (1) 11-storey Building (1) 16th World Editors' Forum (1) 1996 (1) 2001 (1) 2007 (1) 2008 (1) 2009 (1) 60 Years (1) 62nd World Newspaper Congress (1) 75 years of history (1) A.P.Hithendran (1) AC Bus (1) AIIMS (1) Abbreviations (1) Act (1) Actor Vijay (1) Adichanallur (1) Advertisement (1) Advocate Durai (1) Aerobridge (1) Agitation (1) Agricultural Lands (1) Ahmedabad blasts (1) Alert (1) Alive (1) Ambassador (1) Anbumani Ramadoss (1) Animation (1) Anna (1) Announcement (1) Annual Day (1) Anti-conversion (1) Apollo Hospitals (1) Application Form (1) Applications (1) Archaeology (1) Army (1) Art.370 (1) Asif Ali Zardari (1) Assam (1) Assassin (1) Assassination (1) Attestation (1) Auditor (1) Aurobindo Ashram (1) Australia (1) BCCI (1) BPL (1) Baby (1) Badminton (1) Baggage missing (1) Bahour (1) Bankruptcy (1) Bar Council of India (1) Barricades (1) Battery (1) Beggers (1) Bhubaneswar Express (1) Bihar (1) Bill (1) Birth centenary (1) Black Film (1) Blogger News Network (1) Body (1) Book Fair (1) Booking Rules (1) Bribe (1) Bricks (1) British (1) Browser (1) Budget Session (1) Burnt (1) Buses (1) Business Line (1) Busisness (1) CAG (1) CEO (1) CMDA (1) CMRP (1) CMs Conference (1) CNN IBN (1) Calendar (1) Car Festival (1) Cash Transaction Tax (1) Cataract (1) Cauvery Tribunal Award (1) Census (1) Chairman (1) Chalukyas (1) Change of Mobile (1) Charge Sheet (1) Chennai (South) Forum (1) Chennai Cricket Club (1) Chennai Metro Rail Project (1) Chidambaram (1) Chief Secretary (1) Child Pornography (1) China (1) Chinna Veerampattinam Beach (1) Chiranjeevi (1) Christmas (1) Chunnambar River (1) Cinema (1) Circular (1) Civil Judge (1) Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Bill (1) Clash (1) Climate Change (1) Clonning (1) Closing (1) Cochin (1) Cock (1) Collector (1) Colleges (1) Colonial Rule (1) Comedian (1) Commune Panchayat (1) Companies (1) Consumer (1) Consumer goods (1) Contempt (1) Conversion (1) Convicts (1) Cooum (1) Copenhagen (1) Copenhagen Accord (1) Copyright (1) Courses (1) Daily Pioneer (1) Dayanidhi Maran (1) Defamation (1) Delhi High Court (1) Demise (1) Demolition (1) Derogatory remarks (1) Development Index for States (1) Devotional (1) Dhoti (1) Diamond Jubilee (1) Dina Thanthi (1) Dinamani Newspaper (1) Director (1) Diseases (1) Disney TV (1) Disqualification (1) Disrespect (1) Do's and Dont's (1) Doctors (1) Don Bosco School (1) Double Decker (1) Download (1) Dowry (1) Drainage (1) Dress Code (1) Drowned (1) Drunken (1) Dust bin (1) ECI (1) EU (1) EVKS Elangovan (1) Earth quake (1) Ebola virus disease (1) Egg (1) Egmore (1) Electricity (1) Elocution Competition (1) Emergency (1) Employment (1) Engineer (1) English (1) Extension (1) FC (1) FDI (1) FII (1) FPR Waste (1) Fake Identiy Cards (1) Fakes (1) Family Name (1) Farm Lands (1) Fast Food Stalls (1) Fatal injury (1) Faulty Printing (1) Federal Police (1) Fees (1) Fellowship Award (1) Fever (1) Finance Minister (1) Finger Prints (1) Fire (1) First Name (1) Fishermen (1) Flower Show (1) Foreign Ministers (1) Former Minister (1) Fort (1) Fort St. George (1) Forum Mall (1) Free of Cost (1) French Diviner (1) Fuel (1) Funeral ceremony (1) GSLV (1) Galaxy (1) Ganesha Pandals (1) Gangaikondacholapuram (1) Garib Rath (1) Gazetted Officers (1) German Architects (1) Germany (1) Gingee Fort (1) Given Name (1) Gmail (1) Goa (1) Goods Train (1) Goondas Act (1) Goons (1) Gopalsamy (1) Governor (1) Greetings (1) Guardian Newspapers Limited (1) Guru Peyarchi Palan (1) Guruvalaya Sports Coaching Centre (1) Guwahati (1) HSRP Number Plates (1) HSc (1) Half-ticket (1) Hawkers (1) Helicopter (1) Hen (1) Hindus (1) Hindustan Times (1) Home Page (1) Hotel (1) Hotmail (1) Howrah Superfast Express (1) Humanism (1) Humanity (1) Hyderabad Twin Blasts (1) IAS (1) IATR (1) IBSA (1) ICC (1) ICC World Cup 2007 (1) ICJ (1) IMCHRC (1) IMDT Act (1) IRCTC (1) ISRO (1) IT Act (1) Identiy Cards (1) Images (1) Independence Day (1) India Guinness records (1) Indian Kanoon (1) Indian Rupee (1) Inflation (1) Insects (1) Internet (1) Investment (1) Investors (1) Iran (1) Israel (1) JIPMER (1) Jammu & Kashmir (1) Jammu & Kashmir High Court (1) Jamsetji Tata National Virtual Academy (1) Japan (1) Job (1) Judicial Staffs (1) Judiciary (1) Jupiter (1) Justice Dalveer Bhandari (1) KAMBAR (1) Kachatheevu (1) Kachchathivu island (1) Kalaimagal Vizha (1) Kallanai (1) Kalrayan Hills (1) Kamal Nath (1) Kamarajar (1) Kamban Kalai Arangam (1) Kandasamy (1) Kapil Sibal (1) Karaikal-Nagoor (1) Kazhugumalai (1) Keerthiga (1) Kerla (1) Kids (1) Kingfisher (1) Kolar Gold Field (1) Kovaithambi (1) L.K.advani (1) LTTE (1) Lake (1) Lalu (1) Landline Phones (1) Levy (1) Licenses (1) Life Jackets (1) Lord Shiva (1) Lung disease (1) M.K.Alagiri (1) M.S.Gill (1) MCI (1) MET (1) MLC (1) MRP (1) MSO (1) MV Act (1) MYLAI (1) MYLAPORE (1) Madikrishnapuram (1) Madurai Bench (1) Madurai Corporation (1) Mahabalipuram (1) Maharashtra (1) Mailam (1) Malaysian Airlines (1) Malladi Krishnarao (1) Mamata Banerjee (1) Mangalore (1) Mangalore Express (1) Manirathnam (1) Marriages (1) Mars (1) Matriculation (1) Matrimony (1) Mayor (1) Meets (1) Melodies Songs (1) Metro Train (1) Mettur Dam (1) Microsoft Office 2010 (1) Middle Name (1) Mississippi (1) Misuse of pro-women law (1) Modi (1) Monarchy (1) Monetary (1) Moot Court (1) Mosquitoes (1) Moulivakkam (1) Mukumbu (1) Mullaiperiyar Dam (1) Mullaperiyar Dam (1) Mumbai Dadar Chalukya Express (1) Murali (1) Murder case (1) Murugan (1) Muscle power (1) Muslims (1) Mysore Palace (1) N.Ram (1) NATO (1) NGO (1) NH (1) NHAI (1) NSK alias N.S.Krishnan (1) Nalini (1) Namathu MGR (1) Namma Ooru Seythi (1) Nanauk (1) Nandhi (1) Narayana Murthy (1) National Crime Records Bureau (1) National Security Act (1) Natural (1) Natwar Singh (1) Naxalites (1) Nehru Street (1) Nelson (1) New Delhi Superfast Express (1) New Year (1) Night Hours (1) Nostradamus (1) November 1 (1) Numbers (1) ODI (1) OPS (1) Ocean (1) Offers (1) Office Bearers (1) Old Prison (1) Old Songs (1) Olympics (1) Open Page (1) Organ Transplant Operation (1) Ottavio Quattrocchi (1) Oussudu Lake (1) Overbridge (1) P.B.Sreenivas (1) P.Chidambaram (1) PBS (1) PIN Number (1) PMC (1) PONTEX (1) PRTC (1) PSLV (1) PTI (1) Paintings (1) Palakkad (1) Palani (1) Pallineliyanur (1) Pamphlets (1) Parents (1) Patta (1) Pennayar River (1) People's President (1) Perarivalan (1) Philosopher (1) Phone tapping (1) Physical Map (1) Pillaiyarkuppam (1) Pillayarkuppam (1) Planning Commission (1) Playback singer (1) Poisonous (1) Pollution Under Control Certificate (1) Pondicherry Code (1) Ponlait Milk Society (1) Poongothai (1) Porur Lake (1) Post Office (1) Postal Savings (1) Poverty (1) Power Generation (1) Prakash Karat (1) Prison (1) Privacy (1) Private Clinic (1) Priyanka (1) Proclaimed Offender (1) Property Tax (1) Prosecution (1) Prospectus (1) Protest (1) Public Meetings (1) Public Servant (1) Puli Devan (1) Pumpkin (1) Punjab (1) Puthiya Thalaimurai TV (1) Puzzle (1) Questions (1) RJD (1) RTE Act (1) Radiation (1) Raghuram Rajan (1) Railway Bridge (1) Raja (1) Raja Kannappan (1) Rajasulochana (1) Ramarajan (1) Real Name (1) Recovery Agents (1) Reddiarpalayam (1) Rejoinder (1) Release (1) Religion (1) Remand (1) Renovation (1) Reply in Tamil (1) Republic Day (1) Reshuffle (1) Results (1) Retirement (1) Riots (1) Rule 417-A (1) S.Ve.Sekar (1) SBI (1) SEBI (1) SEZs (1) SP (1) SRC (1) Sachar Commission (1) Salem Railway Division (1) Sand quarry issue (1) Saneeswarar (1) Sarkaria Commission (1) Sathankulam (1) Saturn (1) Saudia Arabia (1) Save Tamil (1) Scandal (1) Schedule (1) Sea Route (1) Self-attestation (1) Sex (1) Sharad Pawar (1) Sharekhan (1) Shilma Railway (1) Shimoga District (1) Ship (1) Shopping Malls (1) Shuttlecock (1) Signal (1) Sikh Temple (1) Singer (1) Sivanthi Adityan (1) Skulls (1) Smart Card (1) Social Network (1) Software (1) Sonia (1) Sony (1) Sornavur Anaicut (1) Spectrum (1) SpiceJet (1) Sree Nivas Tower (1) Sri Krishna Report (1) Sri Rangam (1) Sriharikota (1) State Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission (1) Statue (1) Stlain (1) Sub Registrar (1) Subramania Bharati (1) Summer Vacation (1) Sun (1) Sun Halo (1) Superfast Train (1) Surname (1) Survey Department (1) Suspension (1) Swine flu (1) Symbol (1) T.Kritinan (1) TATA (1) TATA Sumo (1) TNEB (1) TNPSC (1) Taluk (1) Tamil Actor (1) Terrace House Gardening (1) Thane (1) Thanjavur (1) Thenkinnam (1) Thirukkural (1) Thirumurai (1) Thirunallar (1) Thothukudi (1) Time-Table (1) Tindivanam (1) Tirunallar (1) Tirupati Train (1) Titanium (1) Toll-free number (1) Tornado (1) Transfer Certificate (1) Transport Department (1) Trees (1) Tuticorin (1) Twitter (1) Two Youths (1) Two-wheeler (1) UK (1) UNESCO (1) UPA (1) Uchimedu (1) Union Council of Ministers (1) Universe (1) University (1) Unlimited Night Calls (1) Unmanned Level Crossing (1) Unreserved Compartments (1) Uppalam (1) V.Narayanasamy (1) VCK (1) VETA (1) VIP (1) VOC (1) Vacuum Cleaner (1) Vaigai (1) Vamba Keerapalayam (1) Vedharanyam (1) Vehicles (1) Video-conferencing (1) Vidhana Soudha (1) Village (1) Villianur (1) Visa (1) Volley Ball Cup (1) WHO (1) WTC (1) WTO (1) War (1) Wedding (1) Whales (1) Women Police (1) Women's Right and Status (1) Women’s Reservation Bill (1) World Bank (1) World Records (1) World Tamil Conference (1) Yanam (1) Yesvantpur Garib Rath (1) argentina (1) atomic energy (1) azhagiri (1) bifurcation (1) bofors pay off case (1) buddhist (1) channels (1) child abuse (1) cyber crime (1) cyber security (1) e-Library (1) forensic laboratory (1) google sky (1) hyde act (1) i (1) india today (1) indira Gandhi (1) indus valley civilisation (1) information (1) ipod (1) jains (1) katnataka (1) koil (1) kudankulam (1) lectronic Voting Machines (1) mamalla (1) money lender (1) moscow (1) mumbai riot (1) rangasamy (1) salem (1) sculptor (1) telefilm (1) trucks (1) wordpress (1) அரியாங்குப்பம் (1) ஆதிச்சநல்லூர் (1) இதயக்கோவில் (1) எபோலா தீநுண்ம நோய் (1) கல்வராயன் மலைகள் (1) கல்வி சாதனையாளர் பட்டயம் (1) குடுவை ஆறு (1) சங்கரதாஸ் சுவாமிகளின் நாடக சபா (1) சிவராந்தகம் (1) சுழல் காற்று (1) தமிழர் உணவகம் (1) நுரையீரல் நோய் (1) பயிர்களை பராமரிப்பது எப்படி? (1) புதுவை மெரினா பீச் (1) பொக்கிஷம் (1) மணிரத்னம் (1) மலட்டு நிலம் (1) ராஜசுலோசனா (1) வாஞ்சி மணியாச்சி ரயில் நிலையம் (1) வாஞ்சிநாதன் (1)